A Guide to Writing Helpful Outcomes and Indicators

We ask all Marwen teaching artists to write Outcome/Indicator sets for each course in order to clarify their expectations for their students – to empower students to control their own progress and to be clear of what they can do to improve their work.

Outcomes and indicators have a direct relationship to each other.

Outcomes: What you want the student to Know (knowledge: concepts; ideas); Do (skills and techniques; approaches-processes of working); Be (traits and behaviors; attitudes and dispositions). Outcomes are the expectations you have for students. Outcomes should be fully achievable by all students in the amount of time charted for the course Outcomes are:

  • Meaningful – outcomes have a life application and are valued
  • Current understanding of excellence
  • Teachable
  • Generalizable to a different context

Indicators: The observable traits and dimensions of successfully meeting an outcome. Indicators are always observable! Indicators are understood http://cialisdosage-storeonline.com/ in the same way by both student and teaching artists, starting at the beginning of instruction as well as seen in the same way by someone other than those in the class. Indicators should not limit the student, but fully allow students to fulfill their ideas. Indicators:

  • Relate directly to the learning outcomes
  • Observable
  • Transparent – clear to students, teaching artists, parents, administrators, and the general public

Thanks to Susy Watts for the above content. Use these verbs to help write your outcomes and indicators- “Student will VERB….” Blooms Verbs

COURSE PROPOSAL-STUDENT LEARNING OUTCOMES & INDICATORS (page 3 & 4 on the Marwen course proposal)

Please write 3-6 Outcomes and Indicators that are essential to what you want your students to learn in this course. You are essentially completing this sentence: In this course, or on this day, I want students to be able to _(outcome)________, and if I have taught this, we will see that______(indicator)_______________. Below are some examples from teaching artist at Marwen:


Learning Outcome (Printmaking): Students will: Demonstrate sensitivity to materials and tools and learn to use the brayer.

One Example of a Learning Indicator:

Prints will have an even application of ink. Prints will have a full tonal range of color.

Learning Outcome (Shadow Puppetry): Students will: Create a shadow puppet character with specific characteristics and attributes that tell a story.

One Example of a Learning Indicator:

Uses a contour profile line to show distinct: body type, facial characteristics and attire (clothing/accessories).

Learning Outcome (Photography): Students will: Be able to make intentional compositional choices to explore our environment through the camera lens.

Examples of Learning Indicators:

Images in photos are cropped in a variety of ways.

Students are able to explain their choices of what they left in and out of the frame.

Learning Outcome (Ceramics): Students will: Be able to hand-alter a wheel thrown ceramic vessel.

One Example of a Learning Indicator:

Students will change their vessel surface through by either adding or subtracting new clay forms.

Learning Outcome (Video): Students will: Develop a canadian pharmacy sun city center fl 1-2 minute video with a strong story arc.

One Example of a Learning Indicator:

Video will use images and sound to show beginning, middle and end of a narrative.


Learning Outcomes (Collaboration): Students will: Be able to work collaboratively with one another

Learning Indicators:

Students will: Express and vocalize own ideas in a group discussion. Negotiate and compromise to synthesize disparate ideas. Invite canadian online pharmacy won stop calling quiet students to share their ideas.

Learning Outcome (Content): Student will create work of personal meaning

One Example of a Learning Indicator:

Student uses imagery from their own childhood or daily life

Learning Outcome (Critique): Student displays confidence during critique

One Example of a Learning Indicator:

Student speaks up and expresses their opinion on their work and their fellow students.

Learning Outcome (Critique): Responds to peers based on criteria.

One Example of a Learning Indicator:

Comments on peers work restraining comments to course indicators for that day’s work, or summatively based on course indicators.

Assessment Tool: Self and teaching generic cialis artist checklist

Verve About Verve
Verve aims to instigate reflection via a dialogue on arts education, art, and teaching practices. Developed by Marwen Fellows, Verve is an online collective and resource that bridges the distance between our schedules and locations to generate a timely, active dialog within our community. This collaboratively authored publication includes all factions of Marwen as well as peers and experts in the field of education.

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